What Type of Shoes Should You Wear When Standing All Day? Recommendations from Podiatrists

The great debate on whether doctors recommend playing sports has been a topic of much discussion among health professionals and enthusiasts alike. On one hand, sports and physical activity are known to provide numerous health benefits such as reducing the risk of chronic diseases, improving mental health and promoting overall well-being. On the other hand, certain sports can be associated with injuries and health risks, especially for individuals with pre-existing medical conditions. So, what is the consensus among medical professionals? In this debate, we will explore the pros and cons of playing sports and the role of doctors in promoting physical activity. Get ready to be enlightened as we dive into the great debate on whether doctors recommend playing sports.

Understanding the Risks and Benefits of Playing Sports

Short-term risks of playing sports

  • Injuries
    Injuries are one of the most significant short-term risks associated with playing sports. These can range from minor sprains and strains to more severe injuries such as concussions or broken bones. Athletes who participate in contact sports are at a higher risk of sustaining injuries, while those who engage in high-impact sports like gymnastics or dance are at risk of overuse injuries.
  • Overexertion
    Another short-term risk of playing sports is overexertion. This can occur when athletes push themselves too hard, leading to exhaustion, heat stroke, or cardiac arrest. Athletes who are not properly hydrated or who do not take sufficient rest breaks are at a higher risk of overexertion.
  • Dehydration
    Dehydration is a common short-term risk associated with playing sports, particularly in hot and humid conditions. When athletes do not consume enough fluids, their bodies can become dehydrated, leading to cramps, heat exhaustion, and other serious health problems. Athletes who are not accustomed to exercising in hot weather or who do not properly hydrate before, during, and after exercise are at a higher risk of dehydration.

Long-term risks of playing sports

Playing sports can be a great way to stay active and healthy, but it’s important to understand the potential risks involved. While there are many benefits to playing sports, there are also some long-term risks that athletes should be aware of.

Chronic injuries

One of the most significant risks of playing sports is the potential for chronic injuries. These are injuries that occur gradually over time and can have long-lasting effects on an athlete’s health. Chronic injuries can include conditions such as tendinitis, stress fractures, and overuse injuries.

Cumulative trauma disorders

Cumulative trauma disorders (CTDs) are another type of injury that can occur as a result of playing sports. CTDs are caused by repetitive motions and can include conditions such as carpal tunnel syndrome, golfer’s elbow, and shin splints.

Cardiovascular disease

Playing sports can also increase the risk of developing cardiovascular disease. This is because physical activity can raise heart rate and blood pressure, which can lead to the development of conditions such as hypertension and coronary artery disease.

It’s important for athletes to be aware of these long-term risks and to take steps to protect themselves. This may include warming up and cooling down properly, staying hydrated, and seeking medical attention if they experience any pain or discomfort. By understanding the risks involved, athletes can make informed decisions about their health and well-being.

Benefits of playing sports

Participating in sports can have a plethora of benefits for individuals of all ages. Some of the most significant advantages of playing sports include physical fitness, mental health, and socialization.

  • Physical fitness: Engaging in regular physical activity through sports can improve overall health and fitness. It helps in maintaining a healthy body weight, building muscle mass, and improving cardiovascular health. Playing sports also enhances flexibility, balance, and coordination.
  • Mental health: Exercise has been shown to have a positive impact on mental health. Participating in sports can help reduce stress, anxiety, and depression, and promote feelings of well-being and self-esteem. Additionally, sports often require strategic thinking and teamwork, which can help develop problem-solving skills and cognitive abilities.
  • Socialization: Sports provide an opportunity for individuals to interact with others, develop teamwork and communication skills, and build relationships. Being part of a sports team or community can foster a sense of belonging and promote social connections. It also teaches the importance of respect, discipline, and fair play.

How much exercise is enough?

Physical activity is crucial for maintaining good health, but how much exercise is enough to reap the benefits and minimize the risks? According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), adults should aim for at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise or 75 minutes of vigorous-intensity aerobic exercise per week, along with muscle-strengthening activities on two or more days per week. However, the specific amount and type of exercise recommended can vary depending on individual factors such as age, gender, and current fitness level.

Recommended daily physical activity guidelines

The CDC provides specific guidelines for daily physical activity based on age group:

  • Children and adolescents: At least 60 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity per day
  • Adults: At least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise per week
  • Older adults: Balance and muscle-strengthening activities, along with some physical activity to maintain mobility and prevent falls

Exercise and physical activity for specific age groups

The type and intensity of exercise recommended can also vary based on age group. For example, children and adolescents should engage in activities that develop motor skills, strength, and endurance, while older adults may benefit from activities such as walking, water aerobics, or yoga to improve balance and reduce the risk of falls.

Balancing exercise and rest

While regular exercise is important for maintaining good health, it’s also important to balance physical activity with rest and recovery. Overexertion and overtraining can lead to injury and decreased performance, so it’s important to listen to your body and adjust your exercise routine as needed. Additionally, proper hydration, nutrition, and sleep are crucial for maximizing the benefits of exercise and minimizing the risks of injury.

Medical Considerations for Playing Sports

Key takeaway: Playing sports can have both short-term and long-term risks, including injuries, overexertion, dehydration, and cardiovascular disease. However, there are many benefits to playing sports, including physical fitness, mental health, and socialization. It is important to balance exercise with rest and recovery, and to consult with a healthcare professional to manage medical conditions while playing sports. Additionally, proper hydration, nutrition, and sleep are crucial for maximizing the benefits of exercise and minimizing the risks of injury.

Pre-participation physical examination

A pre-participation physical examination, commonly referred to as a sports physical, is a medical evaluation that assesses an individual’s fitness and ability to participate in sports and physical activities. The purpose of this examination is to identify any pre-existing medical conditions or risk factors that may affect an individual’s ability to safely engage in sports and physical activity.

What is included in a sports physical?

A sports physical typically includes a review of the individual’s medical history, a thorough physical examination, and any necessary medical screenings or tests. The physical examination may include measurements of height, weight, blood pressure, and heart rate, as well as a thorough examination of the individual’s musculoskeletal system, neurological system, and cardiovascular system.

How often should you have a sports physical?

The frequency of sports physicals may vary depending on the individual’s age, health status, and level of physical activity. For young athletes, it is recommended to have a sports physical every year, particularly before participating in a new sport or season. For adults, a sports physical may be recommended every two to three years, or more frequently if there are any medical concerns or injuries.

Who should perform the physical examination?

A sports physical should be performed by a qualified healthcare professional, such as a physician, nurse practitioner, or physician assistant. It is important to choose a healthcare professional who is knowledgeable about sports medicine and has experience in evaluating athletes. In some cases, additional testing or evaluation by a specialist, such as an orthopedic physician or cardiologist, may be necessary.

Common medical conditions that may limit sports participation


Asthma is a chronic respiratory condition that affects the airways, causing inflammation and narrowing of the air passages. Physical activity can trigger asthma symptoms in some individuals, such as coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath. While asthma is not a direct contraindication to sports participation, it is essential for athletes with asthma to develop an individualized action plan that includes monitoring their symptoms, using quick-relief medications, and avoiding triggers such as cold air or exercise-induced asthma. Athletes with well-controlled asthma can still participate in sports, but they should work closely with their healthcare providers to ensure their condition is managed effectively.


Concussions are traumatic brain injuries caused by a blow or jolt to the head that disrupts normal brain function. Participating in contact sports or activities with a high risk of concussions can significantly increase the risk of sustaining a concussion. Concussions can cause a range of symptoms, including headache, dizziness, confusion, and memory loss. Although most concussions resolve within a few days to weeks, repeated concussions can lead to long-term neurological damage. To reduce the risk of concussions, athletes should wear appropriate protective gear, learn proper tackling techniques, and follow the rules of the sport. Athletes who have sustained a concussion should undergo a comprehensive evaluation by a healthcare provider before returning to play.

Ankle sprains

Ankle sprains are common injuries that occur when the ligaments surrounding the ankle joint are stretched or torn. Participating in sports that involve rapid changes in direction, jumping, or landing can increase the risk of ankle sprains. Ankle sprains can range from mild to severe, with symptoms ranging from pain and swelling to instability and difficulty bearing weight. While most ankle sprains heal with rest, ice, compression, and elevation (RICE), severe ankle sprains may require immobilization or surgery. Athletes who have suffered an ankle sprain should follow a rehabilitation program designed to strengthen the affected joint and prevent future injuries.

Medications and supplements that may affect sports performance

  • Over-the-counter medications
    • Many over-the-counter medications can have an impact on sports performance, such as decongestants, which can cause hypertension and increase the risk of cardiovascular events, or pain relievers, which can mask symptoms of injuries and impair judgement.
  • Prescription medications
    • Prescription medications can also have an impact on sports performance, such as stimulants used to treat ADHD, which can increase heart rate and blood pressure, or steroids used to treat inflammatory conditions, which can improve muscle mass and strength but also have significant side effects.
  • Performance-enhancing supplements
    • Performance-enhancing supplements, such as creatine or protein powders, are marketed to improve athletic performance, but their efficacy is often unproven and they can have potential health risks, such as liver or kidney damage or interactions with other medications. It is important for athletes to consult with a healthcare professional before taking any supplements.

How to manage medical conditions while playing sports

When it comes to playing sports, individuals with medical conditions may face unique challenges. However, with proper management and planning, it is possible to continue participating in sports activities. Here are some tips on how to manage medical conditions while playing sports:

  1. Modifying activities: Individuals with medical conditions should consult with their doctor to determine what activities are safe for them to participate in. In some cases, modifications to the sport or activity may be necessary to reduce the risk of injury or exacerbation of symptoms. For example, an individual with asthma may need to modify their training routine to avoid triggers that can cause an attack.
  2. Working with a sports medicine specialist: A sports medicine specialist is a doctor who is trained to manage medical conditions related to sports and exercise. They can provide guidance on how to manage medical conditions while playing sports, as well as provide recommendations on exercises and stretches that can help improve performance and reduce the risk of injury.
  3. Taking breaks as needed: It is important to listen to your body and take breaks as needed. If you experience any pain or discomfort, stop the activity immediately and consult with your doctor. Rest and recovery are crucial for managing medical conditions and preventing injury.

By following these tips, individuals with medical conditions can continue to participate in sports activities and enjoy the benefits of physical activity. However, it is important to work closely with your doctor to ensure that you are managing your condition effectively and minimizing the risk of injury.

Tips for Staying Safe While Playing Sports

Warming up and cooling down

Stretching exercises

Prior to engaging in any physical activity, it is important to stretch your muscles to increase flexibility and reduce the risk of injury. Stretching exercises can be as simple as standing and reaching for your toes or sitting and reaching over your head. It is recommended to hold each stretch for at least 15-30 seconds and repeat multiple times.

Dynamic stretching

Dynamic stretching involves moving your body through ranges of motion that mimic the activity you will be participating in. For example, if you are playing basketball, you could start with some light jogging and then move into jumping jacks, lunges, and other movements that will get your heart rate up and your muscles warmed up.

Foam rolling

Foam rolling is a self-massage technique that can help to loosen tight muscles and improve circulation. It involves using a foam roller, a cylinder-shaped tool, to apply pressure to sore muscles and fascia. This technique can be especially helpful for those who spend a lot of time sitting or who have a history of muscle soreness or injury.

Overall, incorporating these techniques into your pre- and post-workout routine can help to prevent injury and improve performance while playing sports.

Proper equipment and safety gear

Choosing the right equipment is crucial to ensuring the safety of the player while participating in a sport. The type of equipment required depends on the sport and the position of the player. For example, in football, a player’s position will determine the type of helmet, pads, and other protective gear they will need.

Ensuring equipment is properly fitted is also important. Improperly fitted equipment can lead to injury, as it may not provide the necessary protection. Therefore, it is important to seek guidance from a professional or experienced individual when selecting and fitting equipment.

Wearing appropriate safety gear is also essential. Safety gear such as helmets, mouthguards, and padding can significantly reduce the risk of injury. It is important to follow the manufacturer’s instructions for proper usage and maintenance of safety gear. Additionally, players should replace safety gear that is damaged or worn out to ensure it continues to provide adequate protection.

Hydration and nutrition

Playing sports is a great way to stay active and healthy, but it’s important to take care of your body to avoid injury and illness. Hydration and nutrition are two key factors that can help you stay safe while playing sports.

Drinking enough water

Dehydration can cause a range of problems, from headaches and dizziness to heat stroke and cardiac arrest. It’s important to drink enough water before, during, and after exercise to stay hydrated. A good rule of thumb is to drink at least 8 cups of water per day, or more if you’re exercising for an extended period of time.

Eating a balanced diet

Eating a balanced diet can help you fuel your body for exercise and prevent injuries. A balanced diet should include a variety of foods from all food groups, including fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean protein, and healthy fats. It’s also important to eat a good source of carbohydrates before exercise to help fuel your body.

Fueling for exercise

Fueling for exercise means providing your body with the energy it needs to perform at its best. This means eating a good source of carbohydrates before exercise, such as a banana or granola bar, and replenishing your energy stores during exercise by eating a sports drink or energy gel. It’s also important to refuel after exercise to help your body recover and repair muscle tissue.

Avoiding overuse injuries

  • Recognizing the warning signs of overuse injuries
    • Persistent pain or discomfort in a specific area
    • Swelling or redness in the affected area
    • Limited range of motion or decreased performance
  • Implementing preventative measures to reduce the risk of overuse injuries
    • Proper warm-up and cool-down techniques
    • Stretching and flexibility exercises
    • Proper equipment and protective gear
  • Incorporating cross-training and varied activities into your exercise routine
    • Alternating high-impact and low-impact activities
    • Incorporating strength training and cardiovascular exercise
    • Engaging in activities that target different muscle groups and movements.


1. What are the benefits of playing sports?

Playing sports has many benefits, including improving physical fitness, reducing the risk of chronic diseases, enhancing cognitive skills, and promoting social interaction. Playing sports can also help reduce stress and anxiety, boost self-esteem, and improve overall mental health.

2. Are there any risks associated with playing sports?

Yes, there are risks associated with playing sports, including injuries, heat stroke, and cardiac events. However, the risks can be minimized by taking proper precautions, such as wearing appropriate protective gear, staying hydrated, and following safety guidelines. It is important to consult with a doctor before starting any new sport or exercise regimen.

3. How much exercise is enough for optimal health benefits?

The amount of exercise needed for optimal health benefits varies depending on age, gender, and fitness level. In general, adults should aim for at least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity aerobic exercise per week, along with strength training exercises at least twice a week. Children and adolescents should engage in at least 60 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity per day.

4. Are there any sports that are particularly beneficial for health?

Yes, there are many sports that are particularly beneficial for health. For example, swimming is a low-impact sport that is excellent for cardiovascular health, while running and cycling are great for improving cardiovascular endurance. Sports that involve strength training, such as weightlifting and resistance training, are excellent for building muscle mass and bone density.

5. What should I do if I experience pain or discomfort while playing sports?

If you experience pain or discomfort while playing sports, it is important to stop and seek medical attention if necessary. Ignoring pain or discomfort can lead to more serious injuries. It is also important to take proper rest and recovery time to avoid overuse injuries.

6. Can I play sports if I have a medical condition?

It depends on the medical condition. Some medical conditions, such as heart disease or asthma, may require special precautions or modifications to sports activities. It is important to consult with a doctor before starting any new sport or exercise regimen, especially if you have a medical condition.

How playing sports benefits your body … and your brain – Leah Lagos and Jaspal Ricky Singh

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